HA (and plugins) not restarting after docker-ce update

After every update of Docker-CE, the homeassistant container and plugin containers do not restart automatically. The observer and supervisor (and misc containers like dns, cli, etc.) are running normally.

I simulated a docker-ce update by running:
$ sudo apt install --reinstall docker-ce

This results in the following running/stopped containers:
image

The supervisor logs are included below:

22-05-17 08:51:28 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.bootstrap] Initializing Supervisor Sentry
22-05-17 10:51:28 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.bootstrap] Seting up coresys for machine: qemux86-64
22-05-17 10:51:28 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.supervisor] Attaching to Supervisor homeassistant/amd64-hassio-supervisor with version 2022.05.2
22-05-17 10:51:29 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluate] Starting system evaluation with state CoreState.INITIALIZE
22-05-17 10:51:29 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluate] System evaluation complete
22-05-17 10:51:29 INFO (MainThread) [__main__] Setting up Supervisor
22-05-17 10:51:29 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.api] Starting API on 172.30.32.2
22-05-17 10:51:30 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.hardware.monitor] Started Supervisor hardware monitor
22-05-17 10:51:30 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Load dbus interface io.hass.os
22-05-17 10:51:30 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Load dbus interface org.freedesktop.systemd1
22-05-17 10:51:30 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Load dbus interface org.freedesktop.login1
22-05-17 10:51:30 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Load dbus interface org.freedesktop.hostname1
22-05-17 10:51:30 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Load dbus interface org.freedesktop.timedate1
22-05-17 10:51:31 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Load dbus interface org.freedesktop.NetworkManager
22-05-17 10:51:31 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Load dbus interface de.pengutronix.rauc
22-05-17 10:51:31 WARNING (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Can't load dbus interface de.pengutronix.rauc: The name de.pengutronix.rauc was not provided by any .service files
22-05-17 10:51:31 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.dbus.manager] Load dbus interface org.freedesktop.resolve1
22-05-17 10:51:31 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.info] Updating local host information
22-05-17 10:51:31 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.services] Updating service information
22-05-17 10:51:31 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.sound] Updating PulseAudio information
22-05-17 10:51:31 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.manager] Host information reload completed
22-05-17 10:51:31 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.network] Updating local network information
22-05-17 10:51:32 WARNING (MainThread) [supervisor.host.network] Requested to update interface enp2s0 which does not exist or is disabled.
22-05-17 10:51:32 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.apparmor] Loading AppArmor Profiles: {'hassio-supervisor'}
22-05-17 10:51:32 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-cli with version 2022.05.0
22-05-17 10:51:32 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.plugins.cli] Starting CLI plugin
22-05-17 10:51:32 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.interface] Cleaning hassio_cli application
22-05-17 10:51:33 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.cli] Starting CLI ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-cli with version 2022.05.0 - 172.30.32.5
22-05-17 10:51:33 INFO (SyncWorker_1) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-dns with version 2022.04.1
22-05-17 10:51:33 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.plugins.dns] Starting CoreDNS plugin
22-05-17 10:51:33 INFO (SyncWorker_1) [supervisor.docker.interface] Cleaning hassio_dns application
22-05-17 10:51:34 INFO (SyncWorker_1) [supervisor.docker.dns] Starting DNS ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-dns with version 2022.04.1 - 172.30.32.3
22-05-17 10:51:34 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.plugins.dns] Updated /etc/resolv.conf
22-05-17 10:51:34 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-audio with version 2022.05.0
22-05-17 10:51:34 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.plugins.audio] Starting Audio plugin
22-05-17 10:51:34 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.interface] Cleaning hassio_audio application
22-05-17 10:51:35 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.audio] Starting Audio ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-audio with version 2022.05.0 - 172.30.32.4
22-05-17 10:51:35 INFO (SyncWorker_1) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-observer with version 2021.10.0
22-05-17 10:51:35 INFO (SyncWorker_1) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-multicast with version 2022.02.0
22-05-17 10:51:35 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.plugins.multicast] Starting Multicast plugin
22-05-17 10:51:35 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.interface] Cleaning hassio_multicast application
22-05-17 10:51:36 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.multicast] Starting Multicast ghcr.io/home-assistant/amd64-hassio-multicast with version 2022.02.0 - Host
22-05-17 10:51:36 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.updater] Fetching update data from https://version.home-assistant.io/stable.json
22-05-17 10:51:36 INFO (SyncWorker_2) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/home-assistant/qemux86-64-homeassistant with version 2022.5.4
22-05-17 10:51:36 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.homeassistant.secrets] Loaded 14 Home Assistant secrets
22-05-17 10:51:36 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.os.manager] No Home Assistant Operating System found
22-05-17 10:51:38 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.store.git] Loading add-on /data/addons/git/a0d7b954 repository
22-05-17 10:51:38 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.store.git] Loading add-on /data/addons/git/45df7312 repository
22-05-17 10:51:38 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.store.git] Loading add-on /data/addons/git/cebe7a76 repository
22-05-17 10:51:38 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.store.git] Loading add-on /data/addons/core repository
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.store] Loading add-ons from store: 65 all - 65 new - 0 remove
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.addons] Found 7 installed add-ons
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (SyncWorker_2) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to homeassistant/amd64-addon-mosquitto with version 6.1.2
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (SyncWorker_1) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/hassio-addons/tasmoadmin/amd64 with version 0.17.0
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (SyncWorker_3) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/hassio-addons/vscode/amd64 with version 5.0.3
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (SyncWorker_2) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to homeassistant/amd64-addon-rpc_shutdown with version 2.2
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (SyncWorker_1) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to ghcr.io/hassio-addons/node-red/amd64 with version 11.1.2
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (SyncWorker_3) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to zigbee2mqtt/zigbee2mqtt-amd64 with version 1.25.1-1
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (SyncWorker_0) [supervisor.docker.interface] Attaching to sabeechen/hassio-google-drive-backup-amd64 with version 0.107.2
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.backups.manager] Found 12 backup files
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.discovery] Loaded 1 messages
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.ingress] Loaded 0 ingress sessions
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.check] Starting system checks with state CoreState.SETUP
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.check] System checks complete
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluate] Starting system evaluation with state CoreState.SETUP
22-05-17 10:51:40 WARNING (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluations.base] Detected unsupported OS: Debian GNU/Linux 10 (buster) (more-info: https://www.home-assistant.io/more-info/unsupported/os)
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluate] System evaluation complete
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.jobs] 'ResolutionFixup.run_autofix' blocked from execution, system is not running - CoreState.SETUP
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluate] Starting system evaluation with state CoreState.SETUP
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluate] System evaluation complete
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [__main__] Running Supervisor
22-05-17 10:51:40 WARNING (MainThread) [supervisor.core] System running in a unsupported environment!
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.jobs] 'OSManager.mark_healthy' blocked from execution, no Home Assistant OS available
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.addons] Phase 'AddonStartup.INITIALIZE' starting 0 add-ons
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.core] Supervisor reboot detected
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.misc.tasks] All core tasks are scheduled
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.core] Supervisor is up and running
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.info] Updating local host information
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.check] Starting system checks with state CoreState.RUNNING
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.checks.base] Run check for IssueType.DNS_SERVER_IPV6_ERROR/ContextType.DNS_SERVER
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.checks.base] Run check for IssueType.TRUST/ContextType.SUPERVISOR
22-05-17 10:51:40 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.services] Updating service information
22-05-17 10:51:41 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.network] Updating local network information
22-05-17 10:51:41 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.checks.base] Run check for IssueType.PWNED/ContextType.ADDON
22-05-17 10:51:41 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.checks.base] Run check for IssueType.FREE_SPACE/ContextType.SYSTEM
22-05-17 10:51:41 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.checks.base] Run check for IssueType.DNS_SERVER_FAILED/ContextType.DNS_SERVER
22-05-17 10:51:41 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.checks.base] Run check for IssueType.SECURITY/ContextType.CORE
22-05-17 10:51:41 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.check] System checks complete
22-05-17 10:51:41 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluate] Starting system evaluation with state CoreState.RUNNING
22-05-17 10:51:42 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.sound] Updating PulseAudio information
22-05-17 10:51:42 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.host.manager] Host information reload completed
22-05-17 10:51:43 WARNING (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluations.base] Found unsupported images: {'linuxserver/sonarr', 'vaultwarden/server', 'haugene/transmission-openvpn', 'hkotel/mealie', 'nextcloud', 'linuxserver/tautulli', 'jc21/nginx-proxy-manager', 'ghcr.io/linuxserver/wireguard', 'plexinc/pms-docker', 'mysql', 'ghcr.io/linuxserver/mariadb', 'b4bz/homer', 'portainer/portainer-ce', 'linuxserver/bazarr', 'sctx/overseerr', 'bitnami/redis', 'lscr.io/linuxserver/prowlarr', 'saspus/duplicacy-web', 'itzg/minecraft-server', 'wordpress', 'redis', 'lscr.io/linuxserver/healthchecks', 'mariadb', 'lukechannings/moviematch', 'netdata/netdata', 'linuxserver/radarr', 'authelia/authelia'} (more-info: https://www.home-assistant.io/more-info/unsupported/software)
22-05-17 10:51:43 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.evaluate] System evaluation complete
22-05-17 10:51:43 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.fixup] Starting system autofix at state CoreState.RUNNING
22-05-17 10:51:43 INFO (MainThread) [supervisor.resolution.fixup] System autofix complete

When restarting the whole machine, the containers are all restarted as expected, this issue only occurs with a docker-ce update.
As a workaround I manually restart the homeassistant container, after which I can start the plugins using the plugin screen.

Is this a configuration issue? The supervisor logs don’t seem to indicate a direct reason why the containers are not restarted.

I have updated the host machine to Debian 11 (bullseye) to be sure to exclude this as a cause for HA not rebooting automatically, but unfortunately it did not resolve the issue. Any other ideas what I can try to debug?