Installing Home Assistant core on Debian 11 with File sharing over the network

These instructions assume that you know how to install and navigate your OS on your device.

Install Debian 11 Bullseye for the desktop PC or other variations depending on your hardware.
Initial setup of Debian 11 is easier with monitor keyboard and mouse hooked up local to your device.
Enable SSH in configuration, once you have enabled SSH then remote configuring is preferred for below instructions.
You can copy and paste below commands into the terminal, these instructions assume you have knowledge on the ability to SSH into your device.
Copy and paste is the easiest, and PuTTY allows right click paste.
These steps use the default install instructions of home assistant and the default user of pi, so if using different then what is default make changes as needed.

(Note some stuff will not work fully until all the steps have been done IE shared folders won’t connect until that directory is made.)

This instruction will do the following:

  1. Will allow network shares of certain folders for editing and backing up your configuration of Home assistant files and access to root directory.
    ((WARNING MESSING AROUND IN ROOT DIR CAN BREAK YOUR INSTALL))

  2. Installs and enables sudo to use instead of Root for install.

  3. Will allow Home assistant to restart after a reboot.

"DO NOT COPY AND PASTE STUFF IN QUOTES"

"LOG INTO THE TERMINAL

Log into your Terminal under the user name you select during install IE user “pi”

su root

it will ask you for your password

cd

apt-get install sudo -y

Add the user name you chose replace the “pi” with your user name if desired

sudo adduser pi

sudo usermod -aG sudo pi

id pi

You should see that the user user1 belongs to two groups: pi and sudo.

uid=1000(pi) gid=1000(pi) groups=1000(pi),27(sudo)

The next Step will determine if you did the sudo proper as it will not work if you don’t have sudo.

“STEPS BELOW INSTALLS HOME ASSISTANT.”

su pi

cd

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get upgrade -y

sudo apt-get autoremove -y

It may ask you for your password.

sudo apt-get install -y python3 python3-dev python3-venv python3-pip libffi-dev libssl-dev libjpeg-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf build-essential libopenjp2-7 libtiff5 libturbojpeg0 tzdata

sudo useradd -rm homeassistant -G dialout

sudo mkdir /srv/homeassistant

sudo chown homeassistant:homeassistant /srv/homeassistant

sudo -u homeassistant -H -s

cd /srv/homeassistant

version=3.9
python$version -m venv .
source bin/activate

python3 -m pip install wheel

pip3 install homeassistant

exit

cd

Copy
“STEP BELOW ALLOWS THE USE OF REMOTE DESKTOP THIS IS A OPTIONAL INSTALL”
“it has issues with the Gnome interface so unless you want to really fuss with it I would skip it”

sudo apt install xrdp -y

“STEPS BELOW ALLOWS SHARING OF FOLDERS OVER YOUR LOCAL NETWORK.”


sudo apt install samba -y


sudo nano /etc/samba/smb.conf

“CLEAR SCREEN BY HOLDING DOWN THE CTRL AND K KEYS.”

“COPY ALL BELOW THIS LINE DOWN TO NOT INCLUDING END.”


[global]
netbios name = HomeAssistant
server string = The HA File Center
workgroup = WORKGROUP
hosts allow =
socket options = TCP_NODELAY IPTOS_LOWDELAY SO_RCVBUF=65536 SO_SNDBUF=65536
remote announce =
remote browse sync =

[HOME PI]
path = /home/pi
comment = No comment
browsable = yes
read only = no
valid users =
writable = yes
guest ok = yes
public = yes
create mask = 0777
directory mask = 0777
force user = root
force create mode = 0777
force directory mode = 0777
hosts allow =

[HOME ASSISTANT]
path = /home/homeassistant/.homeassistant/
comment = No comment
browsable = yes
read only = no
valid users =
writable = yes
guest ok = yes
public = yes
create mask = 0777
directory mask = 0777
force user = root
force create mode = 0777
force directory mode = 0777
hosts allow =

[ROOT]
path = /
comment = No comment
browsable = yes
read only = no
valid users =
writable = yes
guest ok = yes
public = yes
create mask = 0777
directory mask = 0777
force user = root
force create mode = 0777
force directory mode = 0777
hosts allow =

“END”

“PRESS CRTL+O (write out), ENTER, CTRL+X (exit).”

sudo smbpasswd -a pi

“ENTER THE PASSWORD IT WILL ASK TWICE.”

sudo service smbd restart

cd

sudo apt-get install bluetooth bluez blueman -y

“STEPS BELOW MAKES HOME ASSISTANT START ON REBOOT.”

sudo nano -w /etc/systemd/system/[email protected]

“COPY ALL BELOW THIS LINE DOWN TO NOT INCLUDING END.”

[Unit]
Description=Home Assistant
After=network-online.target

[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStartPre=/bin/sleep 10
User=%i
WorkingDirectory=/home/%i/.homeassistant
ExecStart=/srv/homeassistant/bin/hass -c "/home/%i/.homeassistant"

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

“END”

“PRESS CRTL+O (write out), ENTER, CTRL+X (exit).”

sudo systemctl --system daemon-reload

sudo systemctl enable [email protected]

sudo apt install xdotool unclutter sed -y

sudo apt install libbluetooth-dev

sudo pip3 install PyBluez

“MANUALLY START HOME ASSISTANT”

sudo -u homeassistant -H -s

cd /srv/homeassistant

version=3.9
python$version -m venv .
source bin/activate

hass

“GIVE IT ABOUT 10 MINS AND REBOOT THE SYSTEM, IF YOU HAVE A MONITOR CONNECTED TO THE RASPBERRY IT SHOULD DISPLAY THE HOME ASSISTANT PAGE.”

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