When I started using Home Assistant (HA) I was missing a way to interact with HA via a command line (CLI). A CLI allows you to utilize the power of auto-completion, scripting and direct access.
The great thing about
hass-cli is that it uses the exact same API’s as the other UI’s and integration uses thus it makes a great complement to the Home Assistant family of tools.
Last week we released version 0.4, which provides majority of the features I was looking for to do from a CLI.
- Get configuration info (
- List, get, edit and delete state for entities (
- Query history with relative time (‘hass-cli entity history’)
- List and run services (
- Execute templates locally and remotely (
- Control over columns, sorting, etc. (
hass-cli --columns attr1,attr2 --sort-by attr3)
- Shell completion for most commands and arguments (
hass-cli completion zsh)
- Get logs (
hass-cli system log)
- Run discovery (
- Show map for zone (
- Call raw api directly (
- … and more
For the basic intro to
hass-cli see the docs at https://github.com/home-assistant/home-assistant-cli.
homeassistant-cli by pip:
$ pip3 install homeassistant-cli
or if upgrade use:
$ pip3 install --upgrade homeassistant-cli
or if you like an isolated install you can use pipsi
$ pipsi install --python python3 homeassistant-cli
or if you are adventurous you can build it from source at.
Changes since 0.1-0.3
The first thing is that the commands have been cleaned up to be more logcial/explicit.
$ hass-cli ... ... Commands: completion Output shell completion code for the specified shell (bash or... config Get configuration from a Home Assistant instance. discover Discovery for the local network. entity Get info and operate on entities from Home Assistant. event Interact with events. info Get basic info from Home Assistant. map Print the current location on a map. raw Call the raw API (advanced). service Call and work with services. system System details and operations for Home Assistant. template Render templates on server or locally.
Rather than using generic terms (eg. get, list), the commands are now explicit and have further sub-commands.
The biggest change is that most operations, by default now use “table” mode. i.e., instead of getting a yaml or json dump you get a more concise view:
$ hass-cli entity list winter ENTITY DESCRIPTION STATE timer.timer_winter_garden idle group.winter_garden_lights Winter Garden Lights off group.winter_garden_motionview winter garden off light.winter_garden_light_2 Winter Garden Light 2 off light.winter_garden_light_5 Winter Garden Light 5 off light.winter_garden_light_1 Winter Garden Light 1 off light.winter_garden_light_3 Winter Garden Light 3 off light.winter_garden_light_4 Winter Garden Light 4 off media_player.winter_garden Winter Garden paused sensor.lightlevel_winter_garden Winter Garden Motion 1.0 sensor.temperature_winter_garden Winter Garden Temperature 5.0
On top of better tables you can also use
--sort-by to sort by an attribute and you can use
--columns to control which attributes to show.
You can combine it all and do history querying with things like:
$ hass-cli --sort-by last_changed entity history \ --since 50m light.kitchen_light_1 binary_sensor.presence_kitchen ENTITY DESCRIPTION STATE binary_sensor.presence_kitchen Kitchen Motion off light.kitchen_light_1 Kitchen Light 1 on binary_sensor.presence_kitchen Kitchen Motion on binary_sensor.presence_kitchen Kitchen Motion off light.kitchen_light_1 Kitchen Light 1 off
If you still want to get all the glory details you can use
-o yaml to get the full details.
Frequently Asked Questions
A few frequent asked questions we’ve seen the last months are as follows:
Why would anyone use this ?
This is not removing or trying to compete with existing ways to access Home
Assistant - this is a complementary way to access Home Assistant. If you like to
use CLI’s and its power of auto-completion you’ll find
hass-cli to be awesome;
if not and you prefer the browser UI you just continue using it. We still use it
for normal interactions, but when we want to be fast or script things
Why not just use the REST API’s directly via curl or similar ?
You can most definitely use
curl or similar to access REST API directly - its
hass-cli does behind the scenes.
hass-cli give though a few
advantages. Firstly that you do not need to remember the exact commands,
hass-cli have contextual help and auto completion to make it super easy to
type out. Finally over time as
hass-cli will get support for utilizing the
more extensive websocket API’s
hass-cli will be more consistent and simpler to
use than using “raw” access via
Does this only work with HTTPS and hass.io ?
No, it works with any Home Assistant that has REST API exposed - something
that is done by default. In short - if you can access Home Assistant with your
browser and see the UI
hass-cli can communicate and control it too.
Thus http, https, hass.io, non-hass.io, etc. are all supported by
Do I need to install Home Assistant to use this ?
hass-cli does not require Home Assistant installed on the computer you
want to run it on. It should run on any install with Python 3.5 or higher on all
major operating systems.
Does this work with client-generated certificates ?
It should, but we have not yet been able to verify it. If you would like to help
us try it run with
--cert <certificate.pem> and let us know if it works on
Personally the next feature I would like to add is more specific support for system control commands (like refreshing groups, restarting, etc.) but also for accessing hass.io add-ons. Also having an easy way to hook into the event bus (via websocket) to see what is happening live.
What would you like to see ?
This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at https://www.home-assistant.io/blog/2019/02/04/introducing-home-assistant-cli/