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This will step you through the process of setting up a backup of your Home Assistant configuration to a USB device. This is a good method if you don’t want to mask all of your passwords since the backup is kept locally at your home/residence.
This guide is aimed at users running Home Assistant Core in a Python Virtual Environment
First, you need a USB drive. It should be formatted properly for your device and connected to your device before beginning. Any type of partition will work, but Linux filesystems are preferred so that you can set permissions.
Once connected you want to mount the drive. To find the path where it is located, you can use the
# dmesg | grep sd [ 0.909712] sdhci: Secure Digital Host Controller Interface driver [ 0.916414] sdhci: Copyright(c) Pierre Ossman [ 0.923366] sdhost: log_buf @ bac07000 (fac07000) [ 0.989001] mmc0: sdhost-bcm2835 loaded - DMA enabled (>1) [ 1.049095] sdhci-pltfm: SDHCI platform and OF driver helper [726257.743301] sd 0:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg0 type 0 [726259.184810] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 124846080 512-byte logical blocks: (63.9 GB/59.5 GiB) [726259.185603] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off [726259.185613] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Mode Sense: 23 00 00 00 [726259.186432] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] No Caching mode page found [726259.186445] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Assuming drive cache: write through [726259.206085] sda: sda1 [726259.209004] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI removable disk
The device here is
sda and our partition is
sda1. So our partition is located here
Mount the drive (as root) to
# sudo mount /dev/sda1 /media/
Prepare the USB Device
Change to the
/media directory and create a folder called
hassbackup. Change the ownership to the user that runs Home Assistant. In this example case, the user and group are both
# cd /media/ /media# mkdir hassbackup /media# chown homeassistant:homeassistant hassbackup/ /media# ls -al total 28 drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Apr 29 10:36 . drwxr-xr-x 22 root root 4096 Mar 22 18:37 .. drwxr-xr-x 2 homeassistant homeassistant 4096 Apr 29 10:36 hassbackup drwx------ 2 root root 16384 Apr 29 10:18 lost+found
The script in the next section uses zip to preserve space on your drive. So we will install zip next.
/media# apt-get install zip Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree [...] Setting up zip (3.0-8) ...
Download and Run Script
homeassistant user (or whatever user runs Home Assistant). Change to whatever directory you would like the script placed into and run the following command.
# wget https://gist.githubusercontent.com/riemers/041c6a386a2eab95c55ba3ccaa10e7b0/raw/86727d4e72e9757da4f68f1c9d784720e72d0e99/usb_backup.sh
Make the downloaded script executable.
# chmod +x usb_backup.sh
Edit the script file using your preferred text editor (use nano if you are not advanced). Change the paths to reflect your configuration, then simply run
$ .homeassistant/extraconfig/shell_code/usb_backup.sh [i] Creating backup [i] Backup complete: /media/hassbackup/hass-config_20170429_112728.zip [i] Keeping all files no prunning set
Set Up Crontab
To automatically backup your configuration on a schedule, you can add a crontab for it as the
Change the path below to the directory where you placed the
usb_backup.sh and run the following line. This will backup every night at 3 am.
(crontab -l 2>/dev/null; echo "0 3 * * * /home/homeassistant/.homeassistant/extraconfig/shell_code/usb_backup.sh") | crontab -
Auto Mount the USB Device
NOTE: This does not automatically mount your USB drive at boot. You will need to manually mount your drive after each boot or add a line to your
To manually mount a USB drive located at
/dev/sda1, run the following line:
# mount /dev/sda1 /media
Alternatively, auto-mount the drive by adding the following entry to your
/dev/sda1 /media ext4 defaults,noatime 0 1